Personal Data Protection Act 2010 Malaysia

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Data is the natural by-product of every computer mediated interaction.  It stays around forever, unless it’s disposed of.  It is valuable when reused, but it must be done carefully.  Otherwise, its after-effects are toxic. – Bruce Scheneier

As society moves towards a ‘knowledge’ based society, data naturally becomes a by product. Every action you perform leaves a tiny digital trail like breadcrumbs in the forest, and just like though breadcrumbs each individual data point is insignificant, but piece them together–and you’ve found you way home.

What we use to buy we cash, we now buy with credit cards — with every swipe, digital data is created and stored, it records the amount of the transaction, where the transaction took place, and the banks bill the customer, which means it can tie it to an address a person, their age, their income and even their preferences.

Photos were physical things we could only share in person,but now we share them digitally on social networks–all those photos are stored–permanently, and they’re tagged with meta data regarding the photos location and the names of people in the photo. A lot more data, and a lot more public. Even if you randomly stumbled across a photo on Facebook, chances are you could easily find out who the people in the photos were, and where the photo was taken–that wasn’t the case before digital photography.

When we use to pay toll booths in cash, we now use touch N’ Go, so there is a full blown record of where we travelled and at what time. Coupled with the CCTV footage they can even identify which vehicle you used. Tie that with your credit card and we can determine where you fueled before you got on the highway, coupled with CCTV footage from the Fuel station we know how many people were in the vehicle. Look at the JPN records and we’ve got the car owners name, and contact information, a quick search on Google reveals his profession on LinkedIn, his favorite places from tripadvisor, his friends on facebook, and if we pay close enough attention to his tweets chances are we can find out which football team he supports or which political party he’s aligned to.

What used to be something you’d only reserve for your close friends at the kopitiam now is public knowledge, provided some one takes the trouble to Google your name.

And the list literally goes on and on, and all these add the amount of our personal data stored digitally online–data that can be used to determine who you are, where you are, what you like, what your political beliefs and religious inclinations–even your medical history and sexual orientation. I’m not kidding, there’s a story I love to link to which tells of a supermarket who knew a teenager was pregnant before her father did.

One of the biggest abusers of personal data has been advertising companies and mail-order folks, the people that spam you day in and day out with emails about viagra and cheap housing loans, however as time goes on a lot of other people are getting on board, like insurance companies who want to know more about your medical history or driving records, banks who wish to determine if you’re really eligible for a loan–even a supermarkets may have a direct interest in your personal data.

It has become imperative that we as users look towards protecting our data online, but there also is an imperative for governments to regulate the way our data can be used–even by governments themselves (or ESPECIALLY by the government).

Continue reading

Kickstarter Malaysia: A collection of Malaysian Kickstarter Projects

Kickstarter is a great crowdfunding platform for budding entrepreneurs, musicians and inventors to get their creations from inside their heads into peoples hands. I personally have funded my favorite youtube guitarist on kickstarter and I should be receiving an album anytime soon–with my name in the credits. How cool is it to get your name printed in the credits of an actual physical CD album–it’s amazingly cool.

Initially I thought kickstarter was this once off thing, but over time, the great successes of kickstarter continue to pile up, a couple of months back we had the pebble watch–a e-ink display watch that connected to your iOS or Android phone for display and control.  Now we have Ouya an Android based console hoping to compete with the Playstation and XBOX but on a RM300 price-point. This are way cool products, that anyone with even a slight inclination to tech would love to have.

If you’re not techy, let me appeal to your business side. Pebble raised more than $10 Million US Dollars!! Ouya is currently trailing it with $5Million.

In fact, Pebble was so successful, the team behind it had to stop accepting backers because they were not sure they could manufacture that many pebbles. Try getting $10 Million of VC funding.

How about kickstarter in Malaysia?

For a long time, I’d thought kickstarter was only an American concept, that only Americans were profiteering from the crowdfunding phenomenon. However, a week ago a friend of mine actually decided to take his idea to kickstarter. Dev was just a regular guy hoping to take his idea from his head to the hands of other people, and he convinced me that kickstarter was the way to go.

So I did a bit of searching I noticed a couple of Kickstarter projects from Malaysia, and it was awesome.

As far as I can tell, the highest funded project by a Malaysian on Kickstarter was Ultra Fashion, who raised nearly $10,000 US dollars for their unique fashion line. However other notable mentions include Hujan Panas--a film by a Malaysian film maker and When I was a Kid–the childhood stories of a Malaysian. These are all really cool projects, that may have otherwise not been funded, and you could be forgiven for jumping to conclusion that Americans are funding the Malaysian art scene more than Malaysians themselves.

Only Heart on Kickstarter

Of course I’d also need to promote the Only Heart idea, partly because I believe in it, and partly because Dev asked me to 🙂

Dev is a straight out dreamer, every group has one, he’s the guy who thinks up of crazy shit and then refuses to believe anyone who tells him his ideas aren’t good. Dev has always stood by his ideas and that is something to be respected. More importantly, this is one of Devs better ideas.

Only heart is something that can only be bought once. You heard me right, once you buy one, you’re not getting another–EVER!

It’s a pretty simple concept, Only Heart uses your name and few particulars to uniquely identify who you are. Once they’ve sold you the Only Heart (which is a silver heart shaped pendant), that’s the last only heart you’ll ever get–hence the name Only Heart.

Why only once?

Simple, Dev plans to make it so that once you give someone an only heart it symbolizes more than the $99 USD you plunked down for it. It symbolizes that you chose to buy your one Only Heart for that one special person in your life you think deserved it.

It’s quite a cool concept, but one that requires a minimum order on the Silver Hearts and a IT system to enforce the concept of one person per one Only Heart. All of that stuff required money, to the tune of about Rm30,000 and Dev needed the money so he turned to Kickstarter for help.

To be honest it’s not going so well for Dev, so he’ll really appreciate it if you backed him up a bit (backing starts from as low as a dollar), plus this isn’t something you take a VC to get funded anyway.

What’s the future of Crowdfunding in Malaysia

A couple of months back, broke a story of a kickstarter clone launching in Malaysia, they then begin to criticize the bad design of the blog, claiming it to be unprofessional.

Fortunately, Pitchin has improved over time, but the success rates of the site is still in question. I’m not sure how long before crowdfunding becomes a mainstream way of raising capital for cool projects, but at least in Malaysia we’re heading in the right direction.

What about Dev?

Dev required about RM30,000 of capital to start with, at present he’s about 15% of the way. With just 18 days to go, it’s a 50-50 chance he’ll make it. That being said, even if Only Heart doesn’t get funded, I’m sure Dev will find someway to get his idea out, and the publicity from Kickstarter would be a nice to have at that point.


What is wordpress?

I’m a really big fan of 3 things, Manchester United, AC/DC and Wordpress!!

WordPress is awesome, but as awesome as it is, a lot of people don’t really know what it is.

It gets even more confusing, because there’s actually two definitions of WordPress. One is WordPress the blogging platform, and another is –the blogging website.

WordPress is a blogging platform designed specifically to make blogging easier. It’s a tool that simplifies website creation to a point where webmasters no longer have to be programmers but just content writers. However, just like any other tool or platform, WordPress needs to be installed–usually on a server–for it to work. is a service that offers functionality of the WordPress blogging platform for free. On you can start your own blog in seconds without worrying about finding a server to install WordPress on. However, because it’s a free service it has it’s limitations (which we’ll discuss later).

There’s a lot of confusion about WordPress (the blogging platform) and (the free service), and I hope those two lines above make the distinction clear. Continue reading

Is MAS updating it’s own Wikipedia page?

9M-MPL Boeing 747-400 MASContinuing my series on bigdata and Google bigquery, I’ve decided to share a rather interesting snippet of information regarding our very own Malaysian Airlines and their wikipedia page.

First, just to illustrate how important Wikipedia is in general, the Malaysian Airlines Wikipedia page gets roughly 30,000 hits per month. That’s just one page of Wikipedia getting more hits than my entire website, I can’t tell you how frustrated that makes me.

Having a negative sounding Wikipedia page is pretty bad for business, particularly if 30,000 potential customers view it every month. That’s a web page that needs some serious attention if you’re the marketing manager of Malaysian Airlines.

Unfortunately for MAS (and every business organization there is), Wikipedia has a policy about updating your own Wikipedia page–you’re not allowed to do it. Wikipedia has to keep to it’s original intention of being an online repository of information that is fair, balanced and neutral. Having marketing gurus or corporate big wigs updating their own Wikipedia entry isn’t exactly in the best intentions of anyone, however Wikipedia doesn’t strictly enforce the policy and leave it up to the crowd.

Fortunately, the crowd have responded, sites like WikiScanner allow users to see which IP addresses updated which Wikipedia articles. Some have gone to the extent of correlating those IP addresses to the owners and determining if companies are updating their own Wikipedia pages against the general guidelines. Let’s see if Malaysian Airlines can join that group of companies who’ve been slapped on the wrist for changing the Wikipedia pages of their organizations. Continue reading

Wikipedia from a Malaysian perspective

Wikipedia is quite possibly the greatest repository of information mankind has ever seen. It’s built around an amazing concept of allowing anyone the ability to create, document and moderate information in real-time, and so far the concept has proven successful–some may even argue that it’s too successful.

For the past two days, I’ve been writing about Bigquery and Big Data in general, and for the most part I’ve been using the freely available wikipedia dataset in Bigquery to perform some queries and analysis. The results were so interesting, that they warrant a post on their own–and this is that post!

For instance, I was curious who Aiman Abmajid was. For those who aren’t following the blog, Aiman is the undisputed King of Wikipedia in Malaysia. Aiman has single-handedly helped update Malaysian articles on Wikipedia a mind-blowing 13 THOUSAND times–and that’s just the English articles. Almost 6 times more than his closest Malaysian rival.

I was intrigued as to who he was and why was he updating so many Wikipedia entries (some more than 900 times per article), and more I dug the more intriguing it got.

A quick Google search, brought me his Wikipedia which led me to the following: Continue reading

Google bigquery

There are other more popular tools for big data, but today we’ll focus on Google BigQuery for a very good reason. It’s the only one I know how to use.

Google BigQuery is a full fledge big data tool developed by google and stored on the cloud. There’s a lot more information you can glean from their presentation here. The short story is that Google created this tool online where you can analyze your bigdata for a per use fee, similar to other cloud offerings. Google currently charges $0.035 per GB of data processed or $35 per TB of data. That seems like a small fee, but it adds up pretty quickly, so for the moment bigdata and bigquery aren’t exactly end-user offerings.

I’m just going to quickly jump into a worked example of Google BigQuery before making some remarks. To use BigQuery, you’re first going to have to create an API project in Google and then go to Continue reading

What is big data

It’s obvious that people have gotten bigger these past few decades, what’s less obvious is how data has grown bigger in the past few years. In fact, 90% of the digital data we have today, was created in the last 2 years. Put another way, in 2010 we had just 10% of the digital data we have today.

In 2011, an estimated 1.2 TRILLION Gigabytes of data was created. That’s roughly 200GB for every man women and child in the world–In just one year. That’s every person in the world watching almost 300 feature length films every day, and this is the average.

The reason is simple, we now keep digital records of our transactions (e-banking and credit cards), our running patterns, our spending habits and even our wedding photos–and that’s just commercial end user applications.

What about corporations who track thousands of data points per second for their manufacturing plants and supermarkets tracking the purchases of customers. We’re creating and gobbling far more data than before, and the trend doesn’t look to be stopping. Every day, we create 2.5 quintillion bytes of data — so much that 90% of the data in the world today has been created in the last two years alone. Continue reading

How to change your Unifi password

Now It’s quite clear from a previous post I did how about easy it was to hack a Unifi Dlink DIR-615 Wi-Fi router, that the least you should do is change your standard router password to something that’s more than the regular 8 digit Pin Unifi gives you by default.

Let’s take a look at how to change your unifi password, or how to find it in case you’ve forgotten.

Step 1: Login to your router

First you’ll need to login to your router. For this open up Internet Explorer or Firefox or Chrome to access the internet. Then instead of typing something like in the address bar to visit google, type in the address bar to visit your routers web server. Your router actually has a webpage that allows you configure you, but this web page is only visible from within your home network so don’t worry.

You can just click the link here to take your there as well.

Once you see the page look something like the picture above, enter admin for the username. For the password, use the default password Unifi has given you, when in doubt, look at the bottom of your router (that’s the orange color device with the 2 antennas) and look for an 8 digit PIN. That’s your default password. It’s printed there in big bold letters–you can’t miss it.

Now don’t be confused, this is merely the password to access the router, not your Wi-Fi password, for now their the same password, but they could be different. That’s what we’re going to do.

If the password at the bottom of your router doesn’t work, try the following. Depending on your router firmware, one of them is bound to work:

Username: Management
Password: TestingR2

Username : operator
Password : h566UniFi

Username : operator
Password : telekom

Continue reading

When Lightning strikes the Cloud: Amazon Outage

Google recently announced their Amazon EC2 killer, the Google Compute Engine or GCE. Google wasn’t messing around and went straight for the Amazon jugular releasing 4 instance types all of which appear cheaper than their Amazon counterparts. That being said the price comparison was done solely on the basis on a on-demand Amazon instance types–Amazons most expensive prices, if you compare for the Reserved instances, then prices become more competitive.

It’s exciting to finally see a Juggernaut big enough to take on Amazon in terms of price and scale. This is all around good news for everyone, especially since this report from Cisco estimates that revenues from IaaS providers are not only high right now, but will continue to grow over the next 5 years. There’s a lot of room at the IaaS space, and Google just wants to wet their beak here as well.

So it must have come as a pleasant surprise to Google when they heard ‘hurricane-like’ thunderstorms ripped across the US east coast taking down power to 3.5 million–and the Amazon East Data center as well. I was personally affected by this phenomena when my access to Netflix was abruptly halted, as you can imagine I wasn’t a happy camper. Continue reading

How to enable VPN connectivity on Maxis Mobile

Maxis VPN Setting

Just a quick post for a Wednesday, as most of you know I just recently purchased my Samsung Galaxy S3 courtesy of the Maxis One Club. With that S3, I also purchased a RM68/month mobile data plan for 3G.

Now for those of you with an Android phone that tethering on the Phone is super easy. Tethering is when I use my phone as a wireless router for my laptop (or any other device). So I’m connecting my laptop to the internet via my phone and the Maxis network.

Now for those of you already using your Maxis phones for tethering, you’d notice one thing pretty soon–it doesn’t allow for VPN connectivity. A lot people need VPN connectivity to their office Networks to access work emails or sharepoint folders, without VPN none of these would be accessible.

However, as I discovered, I couldn’t access my office VPN while tethering on Maxis. I thought it was an Android issue or something to do with my phone and kept it in view till I really needed to solve it. Today a friend of mine told me it’s a Maxis network setting I needed to change, and all I had to do was call Maxis.

A quick Google search actually showed me the way. Maxis Forum has extensive discussion on the topic, here and here.

Maxis also attempt to explain the VPN blocking here:

Hi Joy,

We wish to share with you that we have privatised our IPs in an effort to provide better and secure services to our users. Due to this, the impact is that you will not be able to perform VPN.

To ensure all our users enjoy a quality browsing experience, we do not assure constant connectivity if you use ‘peer to peer’ or file sharing programs. This is in accordance with our Fair Usage Policy. To learn more, you may refer to

We hope the above clarifies,do let us know should you have any further concerns.

Thank you.

I’m not sure what ‘privatised’ our IPs mean, or why they do it. I’m not even sure why Maxis has a Fair Usage policy on a capped bandwidth offering, where they charge me per MB once I exceed it. Isn’t charging me for my traffic considered ‘fair’ already?

Fortunately, the work around is simple. If you have issues connecting to your office VPN via Maxis, all you have to do is place a call to the Maxis Customer Care line, let them know you need to access VPN via your mobile data, and they’ll set it up in a jiffy. I spoke to a friendly guy named Danny, and he sorted out my issue in a under a minute.

Another note, is that you need to change your Data Network APN. On my Samsung Galaxy it was a breeze:

Settings – > More Settings ->Mobile Networks ->Access Point Names -> Maxis 3G Internet -> APN

Then follow the instructions from Maxis on what to change this to (usually it’s just adding a letter to the end of the APN).

This only applies to the Mobile data though, so similar issues could be faced if you have an iPhone or another android device–or even Windows 7(gasp!!).

It doesn’t apply to the Maxis Home users. I’m not sure if it impacts Digi and Celcom subscribers. Yes however, doesn’t suffer the same restriction.